Gain an understanding about basic water quality conditions of the Toms River. Determine areas that may be sources of pathogenic bacteria that have a negative impact on water quality along the Toms River, and consequently, Barnegat Bay, New Jersey.
Water quality is a measurement of the physical, chemical, biological, and microbiological characteristics of water; long-term testing is vital to understand the health of a water system (Myers, 2019). Water temperature can determine the aquatic organisms that reside in the system, as it affects the amount of dissolved oxygen (DO) for organisms to consume, and higher temperatures can lead to lower DO (Safe Water Drinking Foundation, 2021; Sarasota County, 2021). Chlorophyll indicates photosynthetic rates, and higher rates lead to higher levels of DO (OzCoasts, 2021). Salinity can influence DO because when salinity increases, the solubility of DO decreases as there is less space for oxygen to be in water. Salinity is also related to pH since salts can influence the parameter (PreSens Precision Sensing, 2021). Total suspended solids (TSS) can affect turbidity, the measure of clarity of water, as suspended solids can influence how clear water may be (Lake Superior Streams, 2019).